public int0 0 USPS USPS active 1 The dataset and this description is made available on http://www-stat.stanford.edu/~tibs/ElemStatLearn/data.html. Normalized handwritten digits, automatically scanned from envelopes by the U.S. Postal Service. The original scanned digits are binary and of different sizes and orientations; the images here have been deslanted and size normalized, resulting in 16 x 16 grayscale images (Le Cun et al., 1990). The data are in two gzipped files, and each line consists of the digit id (0-9) followed by the 256 grayscale values. There are 7291 training observations and 2007 test observations, distributed as follows: 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Total Train 1194 1005 731 658 652 556 664 645 542 644 7291 Test 359 264 198 166 200 160 170 147 166 177 2007 or as proportions: 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Train 0.16 0.14 0.1 0.09 0.09 0.08 0.09 0.09 0.07 0.09 Test 0.18 0.13 0.1 0.08 0.10 0.08 0.08 0.07 0.08 0.09 Alternatively, the training data are available as separate files per digit (and hence without the digit identifier in each row) The test set is notoriously "difficult", and a 2.5% error rate is excellent. These data were kindly made available by the neural network group at AT&T research labs (thanks to Yann Le Cunn). PS: In this dataset, the class is represented as 1-10 https://www.openml.org/data/download/19329737/usps.arff 2018-01-14T16:07:23Z ARFF CC0 2018-01-14T16:07:23Z 2 56