OpenML
Filter results by:
source: http://plato.asu.edu/ftp/solvable.html authors: Rolf-David Bergdoll PAR10 performances of modern solvers on the solvable instances of MIPLIB2010. http://miplib.zib.de/ The algorithm runtime…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
218 instances - 148 features - 5 classes - 0 missing values
Author: Marius Lindauer Date: 27.02.2014 These data set was generated for a publication about claspfolio 2.0, i.e., an algorithm selector for ASP. The algorithm portfolio of clasp (2.1.4)…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach9 impact
14234 instances - 143 features - 0 classes - 200838 missing values
Author: Marius Lindauer Date: 27.02.2014 These data set was generated for a publication about claspfolio 2.0, i.e., an algorithm selector for ASP. The algorithm portfolio of clasp (2.1.4)…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
1294 instances - 143 features - 11 classes - 18258 missing values
# Data Description This is the historical price data of the FOREX EUR/CHF from Dukascopy. One instance (row) is one candlestick of one minute. The whole dataset has the data range from 1-1-2018 to…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
375840 instances - 12 features - 2 classes - 0 missing values
# Data Description This is the historical price data of the FOREX EUR/HKD from Dukascopy. One instance (row) is one candlestick of one minute. The whole dataset has the data range from 1-1-2018 to…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
375840 instances - 12 features - 2 classes - 0 missing values
test
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach10 impact
150 instances - 5 features - classes - 0 missing values
test
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach10 impact
150 instances - 5 features - classes - 0 missing values
This data represents crime reported to the Seattle Police Department (SPD). Each row contains the record of a unique event where at least one criminal offense was reported by a member of the community…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
523590 instances - 8 features - 144 classes - 6916 missing values
exercises
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
15000 instances - 8 features - classes - 0 missing values
source: http://plato.asu.edu/ftp/solvable.html authors: Rolf-David Bergdoll PAR10 performances of modern solvers on the solvable instances of MIPLIB2010. http://miplib.zib.de/ The algorithm runtime…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
218 instances - 144 features - 5 classes - 0 missing values
exercises
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
15000 instances - 8 features - classes - 0 missing values
source: An Algorithm Selection Benchmark for the Container Pre-Marshalling Problem (CPMP) authors: K. Tierney and Y. Malitsky (features) / K. Tierney and D. Pacino and S. Voss (algorithms) translator…
14 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
527 instances - 23 features - 4 classes - 0 missing values
iris with ignored features Sepal.Width and Petal.Length
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
150 instances - 5 features - classes - 0 missing values
iris with ignored features Sepal.Width and Petal.Length
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
150 instances - 5 features - 3 classes - 0 missing values
UserID
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
1974675 instances - 10 features - classes - 1974675 missing values
web services evaluations in this table
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach9 impact
1974675 instances - 10 features - classes - 1974675 missing values
iris with ignored features Sepal.Width and Petal.Length
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
150 instances - 5 features - classes - 0 missing values
iris with ignored features Sepal.Width and Petal.Length
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
150 instances - 5 features - 3 classes - 0 missing values
iris with ignored features Sepal.Width and Petal.Length
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
150 instances - 5 features - classes - 0 missing values
iris with ignored features Sepal.Width and Petal.Length
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
150 instances - 5 features - 3 classes - 0 missing values
iris with ignored features Sepal.Width and Petal.Length
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
150 instances - 5 features - classes - 0 missing values
iris with ignored features Sepal.Width and Petal.Length
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
150 instances - 5 features - 3 classes - 0 missing values
iris with ignored features Sepal.Width and Petal.Length
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
150 instances - 5 features - classes - 0 missing values
iris with ignored features Sepal.Width and Petal.Length
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
150 instances - 5 features - 3 classes - 0 missing values
iris with ignored features Sepal.Width and Petal.Length
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
150 instances - 5 features - classes - 0 missing values
iris with ignored features Sepal.Width and Petal.Length
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
150 instances - 5 features - 3 classes - 0 missing values
iris with ignored features Sepal.Width and Petal.Length
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
150 instances - 5 features - classes - 0 missing values
iris with ignored features Sepal.Width and Petal.Length
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
150 instances - 5 features - 3 classes - 0 missing values
iris with ignored features Sepal.Width and Petal.Length
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
150 instances - 5 features - classes - 0 missing values
Publication Request: >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> This file describes the contents of the heart-disease directory. This directory contains 4 databases…
10 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach9 impact
294 instances - 14 features - 0 classes - 782 missing values
Data from StatLib (ftp stat.cmu.edu/datasets) SUMMARY: Data from an experiment on the affects of machine adjustments on the time to count bolts. Data appear as the STATS (Issue 10) Challenge. DATA:…
4 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach9 impact
40 instances - 7 features - 0 classes - 0 missing values
Dataset from Smoothing Methods in Statistics (ftp stat.cmu.edu/datasets) Simonoff, J.S. (1996). Smoothing Methods in Statistics. New York: Springer-Verlag.
2 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach9 impact
52 instances - 3 features - 0 classes - 0 missing values
This is one of 41 drug design datasets. The datasets with 1143 features are formed using Adriana.Code software (www.molecular-networks.com/software/adrianacode). The molecules and outputs are taken…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach13 impact
13 instances - 22 features - 0 classes - 0 missing values
This is one of 41 drug design datasets. The datasets with 1143 features are formed using Adriana.Code software (www.molecular-networks.com/software/adrianacode). The molecules and outputs are taken…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach13 impact
10 instances - 1143 features - 0 classes - 0 missing values
analcatdata A collection of data sets used in the book "Analyzing Categorical Data," by Jeffrey S. Simonoff, Springer-Verlag, New York, 2003. The submission consists of a zip file containing two…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach13 impact
48 instances - 5 features - 0 classes - 0 missing values
File README ----------- chscase A collection of the data sets used in the book "A Casebook for a First Course in Statistics and Data Analysis," by Samprit Chatterjee, Mark S. Handcock and Jeffrey S.…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach11 impact
185 instances - 2 features - classes - 0 missing values
analcatdata A collection of data sets used in the book "Analyzing Categorical Data," by Jeffrey S. Simonoff, Springer-Verlag, New York, 2003. The submission consists of a zip file containing two…
2 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach13 impact
120 instances - 20 features - 0 classes - 0 missing values
1. Title: Employee Selection (Ordinal ESL) 2. Source Informaion: Donor: Arie Ben David MIS, Dept. of Technology Management Holon Academic Inst. of Technology 52 Golomb St. Holon 58102 Israel…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach13 impact
488 instances - 5 features - 0 classes - 0 missing values
File README ----------- chscase A collection of the data sets used in the book "A Casebook for a First Course in Statistics and Data Analysis," by Samprit Chatterjee, Mark S. Handcock and Jeffrey S.…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach13 impact
400 instances - 8 features - 0 classes - 0 missing values
1. Title: Employee Selection (Ordinal ESL) 2. Source Informaion: Donor: Arie Ben David MIS, Dept. of Technology Management Holon Academic Inst. of Technology 52 Golomb St. Holon 58102 Israel…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach13 impact
488 instances - 5 features - 0 classes - 0 missing values
No data.
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach9 impact
1000000 instances - 19 features - 0 classes - 0 missing values
# Data Description This is the historical price data of the FOREX EUR/DKK from Dukascopy. One instance (row) is one candlestick of one hour. The whole dataset has the data range from 1-1-2018 to…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
43825 instances - 12 features - 2 classes - 0 missing values
# Data Description This is the historical price data of the FOREX CAD/CHF from Dukascopy. One instance (row) is one candlestick of one minute. The whole dataset has the data range from 1-1-2018 to…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
375840 instances - 12 features - 2 classes - 0 missing values
# Data Description This is the historical price data of the FOREX AUD/JPY from Dukascopy. One instance (row) is one candlestick of one minute. The whole dataset has the data range from 1-1-2018 to…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
375840 instances - 12 features - 2 classes - 0 missing values
# Data Description This is the historical price data of the FOREX EUR/NOK from Dukascopy. One instance (row) is one candlestick of one minute. The whole dataset has the data range from 1-1-2018 to…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
375840 instances - 12 features - 2 classes - 0 missing values
# Data Description This is the historical price data of the FOREX CAD/JPY from Dukascopy. One instance (row) is one candlestick of one minute. The whole dataset has the data range from 1-1-2018 to…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
375840 instances - 12 features - 2 classes - 0 missing values
# Data Description This is the historical price data of the FOREX CHF/JPY from Dukascopy. One instance (row) is one candlestick of one minute. The whole dataset has the data range from 1-1-2018 to…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
375840 instances - 12 features - 2 classes - 0 missing values
# Data Description This is the historical price data of the FOREX AUD/SGD from Dukascopy. One instance (row) is one candlestick of one minute. The whole dataset has the data range from 1-1-2018 to…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
375840 instances - 12 features - 2 classes - 0 missing values
# Data Description This is the historical price data of the FOREX EUR/AUD from Dukascopy. One instance (row) is one candlestick of one minute. The whole dataset has the data range from 1-1-2018 to…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
375840 instances - 12 features - 2 classes - 0 missing values
# Data Description This is the historical price data of the FOREX USD/DKK from Dukascopy. One instance (row) is one candlestick of one hour. The whole dataset has the data range from 1-1-2018 to…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
43825 instances - 12 features - 2 classes - 0 missing values
# Data Description This is the historical price data of the FOREX AUD/USD from Dukascopy. One instance (row) is one candlestick of one minute. The whole dataset has the data range from 1-1-2018 to…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
375840 instances - 12 features - 2 classes - 0 missing values
# Data Description This is the historical price data of the FOREX EUR/RUB from Dukascopy. One instance (row) is one candlestick of one minute. The whole dataset has the data range from 1-1-2018 to…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
375840 instances - 12 features - 2 classes - 0 missing values
# Data Description This is the historical price data of the FOREX CHF/SGD from Dukascopy. One instance (row) is one candlestick of one day. The whole dataset has the data range from 1-1-2018 to…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
1832 instances - 12 features - 2 classes - 0 missing values
# Data Description This is the historical price data of the FOREX EUR/USD from Dukascopy. One instance (row) is one candlestick of one minute. The whole dataset has the data range from 1-1-2018 to…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
375840 instances - 12 features - 2 classes - 0 missing values
# Data Description This is the historical price data of the FOREX EUR/SEK from Dukascopy. One instance (row) is one candlestick of one minute. The whole dataset has the data range from 1-1-2018 to…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
375840 instances - 12 features - 2 classes - 0 missing values
# Data Description This is the historical price data of the FOREX EUR/CHF from Dukascopy. One instance (row) is one candlestick of one minute. The whole dataset has the data range from 1-1-2018 to…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
375840 instances - 12 features - 2 classes - 0 missing values
# Data Description This is the historical price data of the FOREX EUR/NZD from Dukascopy. One instance (row) is one candlestick of one minute. The whole dataset has the data range from 1-1-2018 to…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
375840 instances - 12 features - 2 classes - 0 missing values
# Data Description This is the historical price data of the FOREX AUD/CAD from Dukascopy. One instance (row) is one candlestick of one minute. The whole dataset has the data range from 1-1-2018 to…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
375840 instances - 12 features - 2 classes - 0 missing values
# Data Description This is the historical price data of the FOREX EUR/TRY from Dukascopy. One instance (row) is one candlestick of one minute. The whole dataset has the data range from 1-1-2018 to…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
375840 instances - 12 features - 2 classes - 0 missing values
# Data Description This is the historical price data of the FOREX EUR/JPY from Dukascopy. One instance (row) is one candlestick of one minute. The whole dataset has the data range from 1-1-2018 to…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
375840 instances - 12 features - 2 classes - 0 missing values
# Data Description This is the historical price data of the FOREX NZD/USD from Dukascopy. One instance (row) is one candlestick of one minute. The whole dataset has the data range from 1-1-2018 to…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
375840 instances - 12 features - 2 classes - 0 missing values
# Data Description This is the historical price data of the FOREX GBP/USD from Dukascopy. One instance (row) is one candlestick of one minute. The whole dataset has the data range from 1-1-2018 to…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
375840 instances - 12 features - 2 classes - 0 missing values
# Data Description This is the historical price data of the FOREX EUR/RUB from Dukascopy. One instance (row) is one candlestick of one minute. The whole dataset has the data range from 1-1-2018 to…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
375840 instances - 12 features - 2 classes - 0 missing values
# Data Description This is the historical price data of the FOREX USD/CAD from Dukascopy. One instance (row) is one candlestick of one minute. The whole dataset has the data range from 1-1-2018 to…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
375840 instances - 12 features - 2 classes - 0 missing values
# Data Description This is the historical price data of the FOREX CAD/JPY from Dukascopy. One instance (row) is one candlestick of one minute. The whole dataset has the data range from 1-1-2018 to…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
375840 instances - 12 features - 2 classes - 0 missing values
# Data Description This is the historical price data of the FOREX EUR/GBP from Dukascopy. One instance (row) is one candlestick of one minute. The whole dataset has the data range from 1-1-2018 to…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
375840 instances - 12 features - 2 classes - 0 missing values
# Data Description This is the historical price data of the FOREX EUR/NZD from Dukascopy. One instance (row) is one candlestick of one minute. The whole dataset has the data range from 1-1-2018 to…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
375840 instances - 12 features - 2 classes - 0 missing values
# Data Description This is the historical price data of the FOREX EUR/TRY from Dukascopy. One instance (row) is one candlestick of one minute. The whole dataset has the data range from 1-1-2018 to…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
375840 instances - 12 features - 2 classes - 0 missing values
# Data Description This is the historical price data of the FOREX AUD/CHF from Dukascopy. One instance (row) is one candlestick of one minute. The whole dataset has the data range from 1-1-2018 to…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
375840 instances - 12 features - 2 classes - 0 missing values
# Data Description This is the historical price data of the FOREX EUR/HUF from Dukascopy. One instance (row) is one candlestick of one minute. The whole dataset has the data range from 1-1-2018 to…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
375840 instances - 12 features - 2 classes - 0 missing values
# Data Description This is the historical price data of the FOREX USD/CAD from Dukascopy. One instance (row) is one candlestick of one minute. The whole dataset has the data range from 1-1-2018 to…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
375840 instances - 12 features - 2 classes - 0 missing values
# Data Description This is the historical price data of the FOREX EUR/HKD from Dukascopy. One instance (row) is one candlestick of one minute. The whole dataset has the data range from 1-1-2018 to…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
375840 instances - 12 features - 2 classes - 0 missing values
# Data Description This is the historical price data of the FOREX EUR/DKK from Dukascopy. One instance (row) is one candlestick of one minute. The whole dataset has the data range from 1-1-2018 to…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
375840 instances - 12 features - 2 classes - 0 missing values
# Data Description This is the historical price data of the FOREX AUD/CAD from Dukascopy. One instance (row) is one candlestick of one minute. The whole dataset has the data range from 1-1-2018 to…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
375840 instances - 12 features - 2 classes - 0 missing values
# Data Description This is the historical price data of the FOREX NZD/USD from Dukascopy. One instance (row) is one candlestick of one minute. The whole dataset has the data range from 1-1-2018 to…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
375840 instances - 12 features - 2 classes - 0 missing values
# Data Description This is the historical price data of the FOREX EUR/GBP from Dukascopy. One instance (row) is one candlestick of one minute. The whole dataset has the data range from 1-1-2018 to…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
375840 instances - 12 features - 2 classes - 0 missing values
# Data Description This is the historical price data of the FOREX AUD/USD from Dukascopy. One instance (row) is one candlestick of one minute. The whole dataset has the data range from 1-1-2018 to…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
375840 instances - 12 features - 2 classes - 0 missing values
# Data Description This is the historical price data of the FOREX AUD/CHF from Dukascopy. One instance (row) is one candlestick of one minute. The whole dataset has the data range from 1-1-2018 to…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
375840 instances - 12 features - 2 classes - 0 missing values
# Data Description This is the historical price data of the FOREX AUD/NZD from Dukascopy. One instance (row) is one candlestick of one minute. The whole dataset has the data range from 1-1-2018 to…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
375840 instances - 12 features - 2 classes - 0 missing values
# Data Description This is the historical price data of the FOREX EUR/CAD from Dukascopy. One instance (row) is one candlestick of one minute. The whole dataset has the data range from 1-1-2018 to…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
375840 instances - 12 features - 2 classes - 0 missing values
Dataset KDD98 challenge: https://kdd.ics.uci.edu/databases/kddcup98/kddcup98.html The goal is to estimate the return from a direct mailing in order to maximize donation profits. This dataset…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach9 impact
82318 instances - 478 features - 2 classes - 2399311 missing values
tmm hjghjg vjgkjhbb nvhjgb
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
748 instances - 5 features - classes - 0 missing values
This work was partially supported by national funds through FCT and IST through the UID/EEA/50009/2013 project", "BL89/2017-IST-ID grant. In this dataset, we present usability (SUS), workload…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach7 impact
31 instances - 62 features - classes - 0 missing values
Is some hand drawn digits with labels that are 1 or 0
0 runs1 likes0 downloads1 reach8 impact
#sbox
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach7 impact
10000 instances - 32 features - classes - 0 missing values
TEST STUDENTS DATA
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach7 impact
100 instances - 11 features - classes - 0 missing values
Multiclass from binary: Expanding one-vs-all, one-vs-one and ECOC-based approaches. Dataset taken from LIBSVM: https://www.csie.ntu.edu.tw/~cjlin/libsvmtools/datasets/multiclass.html In this dataset…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
108000 instances - 129 features - 1000 classes - 0 missing values
Test
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach7 impact
2 instances - 1 features - classes - 0 missing values
Electrical Length data set This problem with only two input variables involves a small search space (small complexity). However, it is still an interesting problem since the system is strongly…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
495 instances - 3 features - 0 classes - 0 missing values
Electrical-Maintenance data set This problem consists of four input variables and the available data set is comprised of a representative number of well distributed examples. In this case, the…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
1056 instances - 5 features - 0 classes - 0 missing values
Forest Fires Data Set This is a difficult regression task, where the aim is to predict the burned area of forest fires, in the northeast region of Portugal, by using meteorological and other data.…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
517 instances - 13 features - 0 classes - 0 missing values
This data set was originally a univariate time record of a single observed quantity, recorded from a Far-Infrared-Laser in a chaotic state. The original set 1000 points has been adapted for regression…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
993 instances - 5 features - 0 classes - 0 missing values
``**Author**: Cigdem Inan Aci","Mehmet Fatih Akay ### Data Set Information All simulations have done under the software named OPNET Modeler. Message passing is used as the communication mechanism in…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
640 instances - 10 features - classes - 0 missing values
Dataset includes construction cost, sale prices, project variables, and economic variables corresponding to real estate single-family residential apartments in Tehran, Iran. Totally 105: 8 project…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
372 instances - 109 features - 0 classes - 0 missing values
This file contains the Economic data information of USA from 01/04/1980 to 02/04/2000 on a weekly basis. From given features, the goal is to predict 1 Month CD Rate. 1. 1Y-CMaturityRate real [77.055,…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
1049 instances - 16 features - 0 classes - 0 missing values
This file contains the weather information of Ankara from 01/01/1994 to 28/05/1998. From given features, the goal is to predict the mean temperature. 1. Max_temperature real [23.0, 100.0] 2.…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
321 instances - 10 features - 0 classes - 0 missing values
This file contains the weather information of Izmir from 01/01/1994 to 31/12/1997. From given features, the goal is to predict the mean temperature. 1. Max_temperature real[36.7,105.0] 2.…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
1461 instances - 10 features - 0 classes - 0 missing values
Prediction of residuary resistance of sailing yachts at the initial design stage is of a great value for evaluating the ship’s performance and for estimating the required propulsive…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
308 instances - 7 features - 0 classes - 0 missing values
This data approach student achievement in secondary education of two Portuguese schools. The data attributes include student grades, demographic, social and school related features) and it was…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach8 impact
649 instances - 33 features - 0 classes - 0 missing values
Conventional and Social Media Movies (CSM) - Dataset 2014 and 2015 Data Set 12 features categorized as conventional and social media features. Both conventional features, collected from movies…
0 runs0 likes0 downloads0 reach7 impact
232 instances - 14 features - classes - 60 missing values